Engineering – A Career Option

Engineering is an activity of applying scientific knowledge to design, build and control machines, road, bridges, equipment etc.

Engineering is a popular and important choice that the youth make today. An engineering career aspirant must know about the nature and scope of the various disciplines before they commit to choose a particular field. He must decide before sitting and cracking the entrance examination to these fields. The entrance to the courses in these fields are generally through a centralized test in India like JEE, JEE-IIT, AIEEE, National Aptitude Test etc. Some institutes further conduct additional test after a candidate has secured a ranking in one of the centralised tests before admitting him, subject to his making into the Institute’s merit list. Some of the educational institutes conduct their own entrance tests.

Engineering is a broad discipline which can be further classified into various branches. Broadly there are four major engineering sub-disciplines namely Chemical, Civil, Electrical and Mechanical. However with the advancement and evolution of science and technology new engineering branches have emerged. These are as under:-

  • Acoustical
  • Aeronautical
  • Aerospace
  • Agriculture
  • Applied Electronics and Instrumentation
  • Aquatic
  • Architectural
  • Army Electrical and Mechanical
  • Audio
  • Automation and Robotics
  • Automotive (Automotive System)
  • Behavioral
  • Bio-chemical
  • Bio-engineering
  • Bio-informatics
  • Bio-material
  • Bio-medical
  • Bio-medical instrumentation technology
  • Bio-resource
  • Bio-technology
  • Broadcast
  • Building and Construction
  • Ceramic
  • Chemical
  • Civil
  • Coastal
  • Combat
  • Communications System
  • Component
  • Computational Finance (Financial)
  • Computer
  • Computer Software and Hardware
  • Construction
  • Control Engineering (Control Systems)
  • Dairy
  • Earthquake
  • Ecological
  • Electro-mechanical
  • Electronics and Instrumentation
  • Electronics and Telecommunication
  • Electronics and Communication
  • Electronics (Includes Microelectronics, Microelectronics and Semiconductor)
  • Energy
  • Engineering Management
  • Engineering science and Mechanics
  • Engineering science and Physics
  • Environmental
  • Financial
  • Fire Protection
  • Food Processing and Preservation Technology
  • Food Processing Technology
  • Food Technology
  • Forensic
  • Forest
  • Generic
  • Geo
  • Geo-matics
  • Geo-technical
  • Glass
  • Hydraulic
  • Industrial Biotechnology
  • Industrial (Including Manufacturing and Production)
  • Informational Technology
  • Instrumentation and Control
  • Instrumentation
  • Integrated
  • Interior Design
  • Landscape
  • Leather Technology
  • Manufacture
  • Marine
  • Material Engineering (Includes Metallurgical)
  • Materials Science and Technology
  • Mechatronics
  • Metallurgical
  • Micro-systems
  • Military
  • Mineral
  • Minerals Process
  • Mining
  • Municipal
  • Nano
  • Naval
  • Neural
  • Nuclear
  • Ocean
  • Oil and Paint
  • Optical
  • Paper
  • Petroleum
  • Photo-voltaic
  • Planetary
  • Planning
  • Plastics
  • Polymer
  • Polymer Science and Rubber Technology
  • Printing Technology
  • Process
  • Production
  • Pulp and paper Technology
  • Quality (Quality Assurance)
  • Reliability
  • Reverse
  • Safety
  • Sanitation
  • Security
  • Sewage
  • Social
  • Software
  • Statistical Signal Processing
  • Stellar
  • Structural
  • Sugar Technology
  • Surveying
  • Systems (Systems Design)
  • Test
  • Textile Engineering and Technology
  • Tool
  • Traffic
  • Transportation (Transport)
  • Vacuum
  • Value
  • Vehicle
  • Water Resources
  • Wind

There are pros and cons to selecting either of the field as a career. Out of the above Engineering branches the popular and sought after branches by the youth are Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Architecture, Food Technology, Automobile, Chemical, Computer, Agricultural, Information Technology, Mining, Production, Textile, Bio-technology, Electrical and Electronics, Aeronautical and Nano-technology. There is a growing demand in these sectors in the industry.

Majority of the seats offered by institutes after clearing examination in India are in the field of Chemical, Computer science, Electrical and Electronics, Electronics and Communications, Informational Technology and Mechanical Engineering (More than 85%). Since there is a paucity of institutes offering other fields for the engineering graduation courses, it is imperative on the aspirant to secure a high merit positions to be considered for admission in these institutes. Also he must be prepared to undergo such studies in a foreign country, in case he chooses an engineering field for which there are no institutes in India. This means spending more money for education, in addition to problems associated with adjusting in an unfamiliar environment. But, if a youth loves intermingling with other people, open to new culture and traditions and can survive outside then it is one of the best option.

The cost of engineering courses in India varies depending upon place, reputation of the institute and government grants. Though there are rules to limit the costs towards these courses, some of the private institutions charge hefty amounts from the engineering aspirants towards admission, fees and allied charges. Also there exists a number of fake institutes offering such courses against which the student must take care. Proper verification of such institutes must be carried out before seeking admission. One of the way to check is visiting the website of the course/degree recognition organisation like UGC and AICTE. Also you may request for the recognition/accreditation letter from the institute. It is also good to interact with present/past students.

Since the whole mankind is in a state of evolution, there are new branches that are likely to crop up with the advancement in Science and Technology. We hope to add these to the list as we become aware of such new fields.

We would also request our readers to let us know, if we have missed out on any field. The information can be sent to us for addition to the list using Contact form or mailed to us at or

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