Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. It is the application of physical and scientific principles for solving the problems of society, and its history is intricately linked to advances in understanding of physics and mathematics throughout history. This field requires strong mathematical and communications skills.

Civil engineering is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. It is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including architectural engineering, environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, control engineering, structural engineering, earthquake engineering, transportation engineering, forensic engineering, municipal or urban engineering, water resources engineering, materials engineering, wastewater engineering, offshore engineering, facade engineering, coastal engineering, construction surveying, and construction engineering. Civil engineers help plan and supervise a variety of projects involving construction, water systems and roads. Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.

civil engineering

Inside Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering is one of the oldest engineering discipline. It deals with the built environment and can be dated to the first time someone placed a roof over his or her head or laid a tree trunk across a river to make it easier to get across. Civil engineers are responsible for planning and creating building projects, such as water systems, tunnels, bridges and other public works projects. During the design phases of a project, engineers calculate the load requirements and weather conditions that the completed structure needs to withstand. They then usually consult with the builders to ensure that the project is constructed safely and successfully.

The built environment encompasses much of what defines modern civilization. Buildings and bridges are often the first constructions that come to mind, as they are the most conspicuous creations of structural engineering, one of civil engineering’s major sub-disciplines. Roads, railroads, subway systems, and airports are designed by transportation engineers, another category of civil engineering. And then there are the less visible creations of civil engineers. Every time you open a water faucet, you expect water to come out, without thinking that civil engineers made it possible.

Civil engineers not only design buildings and bridges. They also work in the aerospace industry designing jetliners and space stations, automotive industry perfecting the load-carrying capacity of a chassis and improving the crashworthiness of bumpers and doors, ship building industry, the power industry, and many other industries wherever construction activities are involved. They plan and oversee the construction of these facilities as construction managers.

Civil engineering is an exciting profession because at the end of the day you can see the results of your work, whether this is a completed bridge, a high-rise building, a subway station, or a hydroelectric dam.

Education Information

Most entry-level civil engineering positions require a bachelor’s degree. The length of study is three to five years, and the completed degree is designated as a bachelor of engineering, or a bachelor of science. The curriculum generally includes classes in physics, mathematics, project management, design and specific topics in civil engineering. Other coursework might explore work-related topics like building codes and fire safety. Students can also pursue specialized programs depending on the type of civil engineering projects they’re looking to work on. For example, many civil engineering programs have a focus on transportation or environmental engineering.After taking basic courses in most sub-disciplines of civil engineering, they move onto specialize in one or more sub-disciplines at advanced levels. While an undergraduate degree (B.Engg/B.Sc) normally provides successful students with industry-accredited qualification, some academic institutions offer postgraduate degrees (M.Engg/M.Sc), which allow students to further specialize in their particular area of interest.

Those looking for supervisory or research positions can continue their education at a graduate program. A master’s degree in civil engineering can help students develop the management skills needed to oversee interdisciplinary projects.

Career Options

Civil engineers can choose to focus on several specific types of projects. For example, you could work on construction projects, help write building codes, or serve as a project leader.

The number of civil engineering positions is projected to increase due to increase in population leading to infrastructure improvement projects.

To know about other Engineering options please visit the following link – Engineering – A Career.

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