Drafting and Design Engineering 

Drafting and Design Engineering is a good career option that allows the engineer to be involved in all stages of the design process, from conception to presentation of the finished plans. This career requires a working knowledge of drafting and design principles, material types and properties, and manufacturing processes. Students who want to be a part of the building process should consider drafting and design. Drafting and design engineering can teach students how to create plans and designs that can be followed by construction workers, architects and manufacturers.

Drafting and Design Engineering

Inside Drafting and Design Engineering

Drafting and design engineers prepare detailed mechanical or digital drawings, diagrams or blueprints and/or models of various products or structures based on information, rough sketches, specifications, calculations and estimates prepared by other individuals or teams. Drafting and design engineers provide the vital link between design theory and practical application by translating critical design concepts into workable plans for tangible, buildable mechanical and architectural end-products. The detailed mechanical or digital drawings guide product makers, architects or construction personnel in the manufacture, implementation or building process. They may also be involved in recommending required strength, type, and quantity of materials needed for a project.  Design engineering technicians may choose to specialize in the design of tools, machines or products for structural, electrical, civil or mechanical systems.  They typically represent their proposals and recommendation in a graphic format, either through manual drawings or computer-aided design (CAD) systems. Some drafting and design technologists also create engineering and architectural drawings and models, including technical manuals and illustrations. Drafting and design engineers also create the designs and sketch out the detailed plans for construction projects such as commercial, industrial, and civil sector structures (buildings, bridges, tunnels and roads) and a wide variety of manufactured products (automobiles, airplanes, computers and heating and air conditioning systems, to name but a few). They make use of  computer-aided drafting (CAD) and/or computer-aided drafting and design (CADD) software.

Education Information

Candidates for this field can either begin by seeking professional certification as a drafting and design technologist, later moving on to an engineering degree program, or they can sign up for an Associate’s or Bachelor’s program in drafting and design from the start. Educational programs in this field teach the basics of computer-aided drafting and design. Drafting and design engineering programs are available at the certificate through bachelor’s degree levels. Studies in drafting and engineering might include structural systems, technical systems, residential architectural design and mechanical drawing, among others. Online learning in this field includes drafting and design classes and degree programs. In addition to the required engineering courses for your area of specialization, the following classes can help you prepare for a career as a drafting and design engineer:

  • Computer Technology
  • Computer Graphics
  • Principles of Design
  • Technical Drafting
  • Computer-Aided Drafting (CAD)
  • Computer-Aided Drafting and Design (CADD)

Job Skills

If you are technically oriented, mechanically inclined, good at mathematics and talented at translating intangible concepts into hands-on project plans, and you enjoy being involved in the practical application of complex theoretical principles, you may be well-suited to the drafting and design engineering field. Good communication and problem-solving skills are also very important in the drafting and design engineering field.

Career Options

Drafters and design engineers might find employment in the construction field as well as within engineering, manufacturing and architecture businesses. Some of the other fields where employment opportunities are available for drafting and design engineers are as under:-

  • Architecture
  • Business
  • Electronics
  • Government
  • Manufacturing
  • Mechanics
  • Medicine

Examples of specific industries requiring the expertise of drafting and design engineers include the following:-

  • Aeronautics
  • Automotive
  • Computer Hardware
  • Construction
  • Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
  • Information Technology
  • Medical Equipment

Opportunities could also be found in more specialized fields, such as automotive or heating and cooling systems design. Here are some jobs to consider.

  • CAD Drafter
  • Mechanical Drafter
  • Aeronautical Drafter
  • Architectural Drafter
  • Electrical Drafter
  • Design Engineer
  • HVAC Design Engineer
  • Manufacturing Design Engineer
  • Product Design Engineer
  • Automotive Design Engineer

To know about other Engineering options please visit the following link – Engineering – A Career.

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