SANTHALI

Santhali – Syllabus for Indian Civil Services Examination

Santhali forms an optional subject for the Indian Civil Services Examination. The Subject Syllabus for Indian Civil Services Examination is as given below.

PAPER – I

(Answers must be written in Santhali)

Section-A

Part-I : History of Santhali Language

I.  Main Austric Language family, population and distribution.

II.  Grammatical structure of the subject Language.

III. Important character of the subject Language : Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Translation, Lexicography.

  1. Impact of other languages on Santhali.
  2. Standardization of Santhali Language.

Part-II: History of Santhali Literature.

I.  Literary trends of the following four periods of History of Santhali Literature.

(a) Ancient literature before 1854.

(b) Missionary period : Literature between 1855 to 1889 AD.

(c) Medieval period : Literature between 1890 to 1946 AD.

(d) Modern period : Literature from 1947 AD to till date.

II.  Writing tradition in History of Santhali Literature.

Section-B

Literary forms – Main characteristics, history and development of following literary forms.

Part-I : Folk Literature in the subject Language – folk song, folk tale, phrase, idioms, puzzles and Kudum.

Part-II : Modern literature in the subject Language

(a) Development of poetry and prominent poets.

(b) Development of prose and prominent writers.

  • (i) Novels and prominent Novelists.
  • (ii) Stories and prominent story writers.
  • (iii) Drama and prominent Dramatist.
  • (iv) Criticism and prominent critics.
  • (v) Essay, sketches, memoirs, travelogues and prominent writers. Santhali writers : Shyam Sunder Hembram, Pandit Raghunath Murmu, Barha Beshra, Sadhu Ramchand Murmu, Narayan Soren ‘Toresutam’, Sarada Prasad Kisku, Raghunath Tudu, Kalipada Soren, Sakla Soren, Digambar Hansda, Aditya Mitra ‘Santhali’, Babulal Murmu ‘Adivasi’, Jadumani Beshra, Arjun Hembram, Krishna Chandra Tudu, Rupchand Hansda, Kalendra Nath Mandi, Mahadev Hansda, Gour Chandra Murmu, Thakur Prasad Murmu, Hara Prasad Murmu, Uday Nath Majhi, Parimal Hembram, Dhirendra Nath Baske, Shyam Charan Hembram, Damayanti Beshra, T.K. Rapaj, Boyha Biswanath Tudu.

Part-III : Cultural Heritage of Santhali tradition, customs, festival and rituals (birth, marriage and death).

PAPER-II

(Answers must be written in the subject Language script)

Section-A

This paper will require in-depth reading of the following texts and the questions will be designed to test the candidates’ critical ability.

Ancient Literature :

Prose

(a) Kherwal Bonso Dhorom Puthi-Majhi Ramdas Tudu “Rasika”.

(b) Mare Hapramko Reyak Katha-L.O. Scrafsrud.

(c) Jomsim Binti Lita-Mangal Chandra Turkulumang Soren.

(d) Marang Buru Binti-Kanailal Tudu.

Poetry

(a) Karam Sereng-Nunku Soren.

(b) Devi Dasain Sereng-Manindra Hansda.

(c) Horh Sereng-W.G. Archer.

(d) Baha Sereng-Balaram Tudu

(e) Dong Sereng-Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu ‘Thakur’

(f) Hor Sereng-Raghunath Murmu.

(g) Soros Sereng-Babulal Murmu “Adivasi”

(h) More Sin More Nida-Rup Chand Hansda

(i) Judasi Madwa Latar-Tez Narayan Murmu.

Section-B

Modern Literature

Part-I : Poetry

(a) Onorhen Baha Dhalwak-Paul Jujhar Soren.

(b) Asar Binti-Narayan Soren “Tore Sutam”

(c) Chand Mala-Gora Chand Tudu.

(d) Onto Baha Mala-Aditya Mitra “Santhali”

(e) Tiryo Tetang-Hari Har Hansda

(f) Sisirjon Rar-Thakur Prasad Murmu.

Part-II : Novels

(a) Harmawak Ato-R. Karstiars (Translator-R.R. Kisku Rapaz).

(b) Manu Mati-Chandra Mohan Hansda

(c) Ato Orak-Doman Hansda

(d) Ojoy Gada Dhiphre-Nathenial Murmu

Part-III : Stories

(a) Jiyon Gada-Rup Chand Hansda and Jadumani Beshra.

(b) Mayajaal-Doman Sahu, ‘Samir’ and Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu ‘Thakur’

Part-IV : Drama

(a) Kherwar Bir-Pandit Raghunath Murmu

(b) Juri Khatir-Dr. K.C. Tudu

(c) Birsa Bir-Ravi Lal Tudu

Part-V : Biography Santal Ko Ren Mayam Gohako-Dr. Biswanath Hansda.

The Subject syllabus for Indian Civil Services Examination is subject to modification/change and it is advised to check up for the latest syllabus on the Union Public Service Commission website – http://www.upsc.gov.in/.

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